Wyman Flint Site, Bellows Falls, VT, Bellows Falls, VT


  • CERCLA Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Studies
  • CERCLA Five Year Reviews
  • Human Health & Ecological Risk Assessments
  • Remedial Design
  • Remedial Actions
  • Long Term Monitoring & Operation
  • Enforcement & Regulatory Support

Bellows Falls, VT

Through Nobis’ Remedial Action Contract (RAC) with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Nobis conducted Targeted Brownfield Site Assessments (TBA) at sites throughout New England. Under this task order, we conducted TBAs at nine sites. Activities include; developing site planning documents including a Quality Assurance Project Plan, Field Sampling Plan, and Health and Safety Plan; performing site investigations including collection and analysis of soil, groundwater and sediment samples; validating laboratory data; evaluating new and previous field investigation data; completing a risk characterization; developing remedial recommendations and order-of-magnitude cost estimates for remediation; and presenting findings and recommendations in a Brownfields Site Assessment report.

The approximately 13-acre site, located at 20 & 24 Mill Street, is situated along the west bank of the Connecticut River south of Bridge Street in the center of the historical village of Bellows Falls, Vermont.

Though several structures are present at the Site, the investigation area was largely vacant. Records indicate that the Site has been utilized since first developed in 1791; however, industrial activities at the Site did not initiate until approximately 1802 when paper manufacture was initiated. Throughout its industrial history numerous canals, tailraces, and holding ponds had been constructed, utilized, and eventually filled (likely with building demolition debris). Though paper manufacture dominated the industrial history of the Site, other industries also operated there including: machining, artillery shell manufacture (details as to what portion of the shell manufacturing process the Site was involved with have not been located), and lumber.

Earlier investigations completed for the Site identified areas of the Site requiring additional investigation. Among these areas was an area of building demolition debris that has been reported to release a vapor of unknown origin (of particular interest due to the artillery shell manufacture operations completed during World War I), and investigation of Connecticut River sediment and sediment porewater to support development plans for the Site. TBA activities were planned and conducted and included soil (demolition debris) vapor testing, sediment sampling, and sediment porewater sampling.

Much of the property is currently vacant; however plans have been developed to construct walking paths, a boat launch, and other recreational activities in the investigation area.

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